TO THE FILES
22 March, 1998
WAS SIR ISAAC
NEWTON AHEAD OF OUR TIME?
astronomical conundrums include
"Black Holes", an "Expanding Universe",
the nature of a
"Gravitational Field", and the "Big Bang".
points to a series of high density regions in outer space where gravity
so strong that nothing can escape including light. These regions are
where material from an adjacent star, spirals into oblivion at the Black
Hole. A primordial Big Bang initiation
is postulated to explain
stellar observations showing galaxies moving rapidly away from each
in an Expanding Universe.
famous laws of physics affect
these conundrums. The first is Newton's law of gravitation
Fg = Gm1m2
÷ r2, and the
second is Albert Einstein's expression E = mc2.
- From Newton
we can say gravitation in the universe is a function of the mass
therein, and deduce that Fu is proportional to Mu
mean gravitational force in the universe is proportional to the total
Also the gravitational force Fu in the universe,
is a function
of the gravitation field Gf, and therefore Fu
is proportional to Mu is proportional to Gf.
- If we
consider the mass of the universe to be a finite quantity. Einstein's
(E=mc2) teaches us that the inherent energy (Eu)
directly proportional to the mass (Mu), or Eu
is proportional to Mu.
- If Eu
is proportional to Mu, and Gf
is proportional to Mu,
then Gf is proportional to Eu. When a mass (M) is
consumed in a Black Hole,
it initially converts to energy (E), but then reverts to strengthening
the background gravitational field (G). This is akin to burning coal in
of electricity generating stations to feed power into a national grid
- We also
conclude that if energy, mass, and gravitation are dependent variables,
a universal strengthening of the gravitational field increases the
mass. This inference can be drawn from Newton's equation rewritten as Fg
We usually read this equation
to mean the mass and geometry of a system determines its force of
However, conversely we may deduce that the mass is influenced by
in the system's gravitational field.
- This leads
to the possibility of a steady state universe where mass is consumed in
peripheral Black Holes and replaced by mass
continuously moving out from
the centre. (An apparently Expanding Universe.) Black
fortify the background Gravitational Field, which
serves to replenish
mass throughout the universe, thereby completing the cycle.
A corollary to these thoughts
is that our Universe is neither expanding nor contracting, but has
a steady state. Matter is cycling through the system as shown, and we
not know how many times it has returned. We only know that one cycle
about 15b years, and a "Big Bang" is not required
to start a cycle.
The mass of objects within the
gravitational field should be increasing with time. Refer Note 2
for more on this point.